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Open letter to science editors

VELIKOVSKIAN Vol I, No. 4
Checking the Checkered Checker^{[1]}
George R. Talbott
Given that a body leaves
the Moon at a velocity of 1 kilometer per second, or 100,000 centimeters per
second, how far, directly upward, will it have travelled at the end of 1
second? A similar question arises when seeking the distance and time
relations for a bullet fired toward zenith with a muzzle velocity, in this
case, of 1 kilometer per second, while working against gravity. The problem
is relatively elementary in physics, but is worth solving. Mistakes are
often made, even by professionals, in solving problems of this kind, thus no
mockery and derision are called for.
Charles Ginenthal
correctly used the muzzle velocity model in his computations. When a gun is
fired, one does not divide the muzzle velocity by two to get an average
velocity. Using the muzzle velocity of 1 kilometer per second and a surface
acceleration for the Moon of 156.49 centimeters per second every second,
both the total distance travelled to zenith and the associated time to
zenith are computed. For completeness, the distance to zenith is shown
equal to the difference between the product of muzzle velocity and time to
zenith, minus onehalf the product of lunar gravitational
acceleration multiplied by travel time squared. The time is set at 1
second. The confirmed equation finds distance as a function of time.
Ginenthal's original estimate is good, as usual. The distance travelled
upward is 3,278.25 feet. A list of definitions, with the corresponding
computations, follows:
a_{0}
= gravitational acceleration at moon surface = 156.49 cm/sec^{2}
V_{m}
= muzzle velocity of projectile = 1 x 10^{5} cm/sec
S_{h}
= distance traveled at zenith
S_{t}
= distance travelled upward at time T
T_{h}
= time expended at reaching zenith
S_{h}
= V^{2}/2a_{0} = 3.1951 x 10^{7} cm
T_{h}
= Ö2S_{h}/a_{0}
= 635.41 seconds
S_{t}
= (V_{m} x T_{h})  ½ (a_{0} x T_{h}^{2})
3.1951 x 10^{7} =
(1 x 10^{5}) (635.41)  ½ (156.49) (635.41)^{2}
Let T
1 second
S_{t} ((l x l0^{5}) x 1)  (½ (156.49 x 1^{2})) = 99,921 cm =
3,278.25 feet
If the muzzle velocity is taken as 3,000 feet per second, or 0.9144 kilometers per
second, then the answer is nearly the same. The distance travelled
upward from the Moon's surface would be 2,997.43 feet.
Scholarly
communication is dependent upon courtesy. It sometimes happens that two
scholars have quite different models in mind and neither should assume
that the other person is ignorant, misinformed, inept, and so on. If
what I have stated here is not relevant, or is not applicable, this is
not because I have failed to master applied mathematics or physics.
This charge, glibly made by so many bureaucrats, is not only
discourteous, but manifestly ignorant. I would recommend my own books
as a possible corrective measure in these matters. (Both my
Electronic Thermodynamics and my twovolume Philosophy and
Unified Science have been used as university texts and references.
The twovolume work trains students in advanced mathematics, classical
physics and modern physics.) Many reputable scientists, people who have
lived productive careers in science and who had to be correct in
order to hold their positions, believe that Velikovsky has much to teach
us. Read the books, Velikovsky's and mine, before drawing conclusions
about scientific ability. My books are relatively conventional, while
some of Velikovsky's work is speculative, but no more so than much of
what passes today for "orthodox science."
It is true, as
Velikovsky's detractors constantly remind us, that Velikovsky's thesis
is not proven just because persons with advanced scientific skills,
methodology and knowledge take Velikovsky seriously. The detractors
should understand their own argument: THE FACT THAT AN ACADEMICIAN OR
NASA SCIENTIST MOCKS VELIKOVSKY DOES NOT PROVE THAT VELIKOVSKY IS
WRONG. The repeated charge that real scientists all reject Velikovsky
is false.
Everyone in the
scientific community realizes the abuse given in the name of "scientific
criticism." If the reader believes that only "fringe people" receive
such abuse, he or she must review the facts about nearly every
significant personality in the history of science. Having been employed
in both academic institutions and industry, I have observed hyena
behavior in the front lines. Where large financial or political gains
are to be made, some participants have no decency. I have heard the
results and inventions of fine engineers and scientists "criticized,"
repeatedly, without an objective basis given for the criticism. The
critic's implication was always that the victim is wholly
incompetent. I have heard cases in which a critic began to crucify an
idea, only to discover, halfway through his obscene assault, that its
creator is among the elite of management. He quickly reversed his
argument, "accepting" what, a moment before, he had held up to
ridicule. IF A CRITIC CAN ATTACK ANYTHING, WHATEVER ITS QUALITY, THEN
THE ATTACK IS NOT BASED UPON THE CONTENT OF THE VICTIM'S THESIS.
It is helpful to
realize that if you or I wished to take on the arrogant, selfassured
posture of these critics, we could make a career of our arrogance
provided that a politician needed a staff member who could attack
anyone (not merely "mistaken" individuals, but anyone). The
sort of behavior seen recently in the socalled scientific community is
morally on the same plane as the destructive acts of street hoodlums.
Technicallytrained hoodlums are still hoodlums. They should command no
respect.
BALLISTIC CONSIDERATIONS
The accompanying
schedules (Tables 1 and 2, below) show both distance travelled and
velocity as functions of time for a body launched at 1 kilometer per
second from both the surface of Io and the surface of the Moon. In
reading these schedules, it is very important to understand the model
portrayed. There is no "powerup" period. The velocity is established
almost instantaneously, as in the case of a bullet fired from a powerful
weapon. If a space vehicle were similarly fired, no one inside it could
survive the launch. The G's used to express the surface force
experienced at launch time is, simply, the body's acceleration divided
by the local surface acceleration of the planet or lunar
body. (For the Earth, this is the acceleration divided by 979 cm/sec^{2}
[centimeters per second squared]. For the Moon, it is the acceleration
divided by 155 cm/ sec^{2}. For Io, it is the acceleration
divided by 181 cm/ sec^{2}, using rounded numbers.)
The acceleration,
itself, is computed by squaring the initial velocity and the final
velocity, taking the difference between these two squared quantities,
and dividing this difference by twice the distance travelled upward in
the time interval characterizing the change from initial to final
velocity.
TABLE 1
Distance and G
Force Results of Body Motion on Io for
One Second
1 km/ sec
0.91440 km/sec (3,000 ft/sec)
Distance,
km 0.99910 0.91350
G's at
launch 276 253
TABLE 2
Distance and G
Force Results of Body Motion on the Moon for
One Second
1 km/ sec
0.91440 km/sec (3,000 ft/sec)
Distance,
km 0.99923 0.91363
G's at
Launch 323 295
The G loadings are
extremely high in comparison to those experienced by a space vehicle
carrying living things. And so it is with bullettype models. There is no
"powerup" interval here. Ginenthal stipulated quite clearly that his
initial velocity was 1 kilometer per second, or 0.91440 kilometers per
second, this second value being equivalent to 3,000 feet per second. In the
first second, the distances given and the G's shown will characterize the
body shot from the surface of Io or from the surface of the Moon.
^{[1]} This is a collation of two papers written by George R. Talbott that we
feel merit a full presentation to and analysis by our readers.
