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Notes on this Issue:

Stonehenge, Woodhenge, and the other megalithic monuments located throughout Britain and elsewhere have spawned more theorizing through the centuries than almost any other relics of the human past (excepting, of course, the pyramids and the Sphinx).  In recent years these monuments have been proclaimed observatories; and the astronomical sophistication assigned to their builders borders on the fantastic.  Dr. Euan MacKie (f. 02megac) examines these claims and finds them correct, at least in part; his own fieldwork has provided one of the most impressive pieces of evidence supporting the astronomical interpretation-all of which renders the megalithic monuments crucial for testing both uniformitarian and catastrophic theories.  In "Megalithic Astronomy and Catastrophism," MacKie assesses the evidences with admirable lucidity.  As a bonus, he grants us a preview of his forthcoming book on Stonehenge.

  •  Velikovsky (f. 03scenko) comes forth with another one of those chapters from the unpublished sequels to Ages in Chaos.  This one, titled "The Scandal of Enkomi," examines findings which, he says, caused a reputable archaeologist no small embarrassment.  Objects found at Enkomi on the island of Cyprus showed close affinities with both Greek and Egyptian relics dated, conventionally, several centuries apart.  The excavator, choosing the lower (Greek) date for Enkomi, was bitingly overruled by experts who relied on Egyptian dating.  In Velikovsky's view the dual affinity of the Enkomi artifacts should have been expected: the Egyptian chronology needs to be lowered by several hundred years  •  Dr. William H. Stiebing, Jr. (f. 04rejvel), a historian from the University of New Orleans, here offers rejoinder to Velikovsky's criticism of his earlier assault on the revised chronology. (See Pensée, Fall, 1973).  The central issues revolve around Palestinian stratigraphy, and Stiebing says his position has been misrepresented: he stands by his objections.  Velikovsky, in turn (f. 05conret), defends his earlier criticism of those objections.  •  In a sequel to his piece in the last issue of Pensée, Ralph E. Juergens (f. 06momar2) presses his claim that interplanetary electric discharges explain some of the most unique lunar features—among them the gigantic crater Tycho, whose rays, extending more than half way around the Moon, have mystified scientists for decades.  Incidentally, Juergens' proposal places him in a category defined (and ridiculed) by one lunar scientist as follows: "There must be something about the Moon which causes astronomers and others to suffer severe attacks of imagination."  •  With this issue we introduce "Scientifically Speaking," a regular column by Prof.  Irving Michelson (f. 10sspeak).  His inaugural essay deals with matters calendarical: noting the uncanny accuracy with which certain astronomical periods can be ascertained (and were ascertained in the past), he wonders how this can be so if these motions were in fact disturbed during historical times.  •  This issue also marks the conclusion of Pensée's ten-issue series, "Immanuel Velikovsky Reconsidered."  Readers curious about the future directions Pensée will take are referred to the advertisement on the page opposite and to the story beginning on f. 07whypen.

PENSEE Journal X

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